Preliminaries Aristotle wrote two ethical treatises: In any case, these two works cover more or less the same ground: Both treatises examine the conditions in which praise or blame are appropriate, and the nature of pleasure and friendship; near the end of each work, we find a brief discussion of the proper relationship between human beings and the divine.
Social- Political Issues There are many very important ethical and moral issues related to our social and political environment. We always live and work in social groups, communities, cities, states, and nations.
Therefore, the great issues like justice, freedom, equality, liberty, fairness, law, tolerance, rights, contracts, agreements, peace, democracy, socialism, capitalism, demands, etc.
For Plato, 'Justice,' more inclusively defined than in our current usage, is a central concept in creating a virtuous harmony among mind, body, and emotions.
These issues are treated more extensively elsewhere in books, academia, courts, congressional halls, public debate, media, and on the Internet. It is impossible to separate concerns for individual values and personal actions from our obvious interaction with nature, family, social, and political circumstances.
I have expressed my views about two topics of public concern: Occasionally, in my Cloud Hands BlogI express my views and opinions about social and political matters. I have been employed by governmental agencies to work as a librarian, manager, and administrator.
My notes on gardening, naturalism, nature studies, environmental concerns, and Green Politics are found in my many webpages at The Spirit of Gardening. My emphasis here at Virtues and a Good Life website is more on personal behavior, virtues, individual choices, rationality, the good life, practical reason, right action, values, means and ends of human life, rightness and fitness, happiness, developing good habits, improving one's character, and living a virtuous lifestyle.
There are also many meta-ethical theories attempting to ground ethical and moral judgments on a sure, valid, objective, coherent, realistic, sensible, pragmatic, and reasonable foundation.
I will discuss some of these theories, but really only tangentially. My focus is more on practice and action, rather than theory and concepts.
My bibliography on ethical and moral issues will give my readers some idea about the books and webpages I have used to learn about and reflect on the ethical virtues within the scope of my emphasis.
Currently, in October ofI am studying the Stoic and Epicurean philosophies, practices, spiritual exercises, thought patterns, values, and philosophies of living.
Virtue ethics is associated with the following thinkers:Aristotle: Ethics. Standard interpretations of Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics usually maintain that Aristotle ( B.C.E.) emphasizes the role of habit in conduct.
It is commonly thought that virtues, according to Aristotle, are habits and that the good life is a life of mindless routine. Virtues and a Good Life Compiled by Mike Garofalo E-Mail. This webpage was last revised, improved, updated or modified on: June 20, This webpage was first published on July 1, Virtue ethics encourages people to develop their character as the basis for the good life.
Virtues invariably lead to goodness, because they are considered to be grounded in the ultimate, that is, for Plato, eternal truth in the Forms that are known by the soul. Likewise, eudaimonia to be received as the praiseworthiness of virtuous life was understood by Plato to be rooted in the Form of the.
Rosalind Hursthouse Applying Virtue Ethics to Our Treatment of the Other Animals Applying virtue ethics to moral issues should be straightforward.
Virtue Ethics. Virtue ethics is a broad term for theories that emphasize the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy rather than either doing one’s duty or acting in order to bring about good consequences. A virtue ethicist is likely to give you this kind of moral advice: “Act as a virtuous person would act in your situation.”.
Book 1, Chapter 5. Let us, however, resume our discussion from the point at which we digressed. To judge from the lives that men lead, most men, and men of the most vulgar type, seem (not without some ground) to identify the good, or happiness, with pleasure; which is the reason why they love the life .