The two agreed that it would be necessary to invite the Soviets as the other major allied power. State Department officials, however, knew that Stalin would almost certainly not participate and that any plan that would send large amounts of aid to the Soviets was unlikely to get Congressional approval. The Soviet Union was invited with the understanding that it would likely refuse. The states of the future Eastern Bloc were also approached, and Czechoslovakia and Poland agreed to attend.
Social Transformation in Europe after World War II Patterns of everyday life and the structure of Western society changed after the war, just as much as political and economic recovery had instituted dramatic changes. Changes in Science and Technology: At the end of the war, theoretical science and technology, considered more practical were joined together.
University scientists worked on top secret projects during the war, including the development of radar to detect enemy aircraft. Radar was particularly valuable to the British in defeating the Germans in the Battle of Britain.
Other wartime technological developments included the development of jet aircraft and electronic computers which could calculate the mathematical relationship between a fast moving plane and anti-aircraft shells, so that gunners on the ground had a greater probability of shooting down the plane.
By far the greatest technological scientific development was the development of the Atomic Bomb. Its development was spurred by a letter from Albert Einstein to President Franklin Roosevelt, in August,in which he stated that "it may be possible to set up a nuclear reaction in a large mass of uranium… [And construct] extremely powerful bombs of a new type.
American development was spurred by the news that the Nazis were close to developing a "bomb" on their own. The result of "directed research" during and after the war was the development of "Big Science. It was very expensive, and required large-scale financing from governments or large corporations.
The United States took the lead in this area, and "big science" became an issue of contention between East and West during the Cold War. Scientists remained a major part of the military establishment of both sides, and scientific research for defense included development of new and improved submarines, rockets, and spy satellites.
The technology race led to the orbiting of the first earth satellite, Sputnik I by the Soviets in From there on, a "space race" between the U. Western Europe was effected, as many top scientists went to the U.
Class distinction became fuzzier but did not altogether disappear in Europe after the War. The most remarkable change was in the middle class, where managers and experts replaced traditional property owners as the leaders of middle class society. This change was largely the result of industrial and technological expansion which resulted in large corporations and government agencies which needed technologists and managers.
The new middle class often had backgrounds in engineering or accounting and came from all social classes, even the former "working class. With changes in class structure came changes in government social security reforms. Old age pensions and increased unemployment benefits improved the system first engineered by Bismarck seventy five years earlier.
National health systems were also introduced together with government grants to help parents raise children. The standard of living in Europe rose and the percentage of food spent on food and lodging declined precipitously.
Car ownership became more widespread, and the European automobile industry boomed.World War I Effects.
Praxis- Social Studies Part 1. STUDY. Republic became the most popular type of government to gain influence after the war in Europe 3) Treaty of Versailles had deleterious effects on the post-war environment as it caused hostilities and resentment that later paved the way for WWII Technology changes.
The article evaluates the degree to which the Second World War was responsible for the development of Europe since It seeks to disentangle effects that were clearly directly due to the war from those which can be seen as the result of changes already affecting pre-war Europe, and those due to post-war developments, such as the Cold War and the European Union.
Transcript of Political, Economic, and Social Effects of WWII. Political, Economic, and Social Effects of WWII Economic Social Political United States Germany Many factories that were able to convert from war production to private companies After the war, the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Communist Chinese forces resumed their civil war.
Praxis- Social Studies Part 1 World War II Effects study guide by skonkey includes 7 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Social Transformation in Europe after World War II. Patterns of everyday life and the structure of Western society changed after the war, just as much as political and . The Cold War was the product of one and only one major factor: Soviet Union's decision to impose its political and economic system in all countries it occupied and to support the imposition of that same system, by fomenting and supporting civil wars, in Asia and Africa.