Under the Padroado treaty with the Holy Seeby which the Vatican delegated to the kings the administration of the local churches, the Portuguese sent missions into AfricaBrasil and Asia. While some of these missions were associated with imperialism and oppression, others notably Matteo Ricci 's Jesuit China missions were relatively peaceful and focused on integration rather than cultural imperialism. The expansion of the Catholic Portuguese Empire and Spanish Empire with a significant role played by the Roman Catholic Church led to the Christianization of the indigenous populations of the Americas such as the Aztecs and Incas.
Under the Padroado treaty with the Holy Seeby which the Vatican delegated to the kings the administration of the local churches, the Portuguese sent missions into AfricaBrasil and Asia. The expansion of the Catholic Portuguese Empire and Spanish Empire with a significant role played by the Roman Catholic Church led to the Christianization of the indigenous populations of the Americas such as the Aztecs and Incas.
Later waves of colonial expansion such as the Scramble for Africa or the struggle for India by the NetherlandsEnglandFranceGermany and Russia led to Christianization of other native populations across the globe, eclipsing that of the Roman period and making it a truly global religion.
Protestant Reformation[ edit ] Countries by percentage of Protestants in The Renaissance yielded scholars the ability to read the scriptures in their original languages, and this in part stimulated the Protestant Reformation.
As Martin Luther said, "The true rule is this: These reformers are distinguished from previous ones in that they considered the root of corruptions to be doctrinal rather than simply a matter of moral weakness or lack of ecclesiastical disciplineand thus they aimed to change contemporary doctrines to accord with what they perceived to be the "true gospel.
Early protest was against corruptions such as simonyepiscopal vacancies, and the sale of indulgences. The three most important traditions to emerge directly from the Protestant Reformation were the LutheranReformed CalvinistPresbyterianetc.
The Magisterial Reformation involved the alliance of certain theological teachers Latin: Radical Reformers, besides forming communities outside state sanction, often employed more extreme doctrinal change, such as the rejection of tenets of the Councils of Nicaea and Chalcedon.
Often the division between magisterial and radical reformers was as or more violent than the general Catholic and Protestant hostilities. The Protestant Reformation spread almost entirely within the confines of Northern Europe but did not take hold in certain northern areas such as Ireland and parts of Germany.
The Catholic response to the Protestant Reformation is known as the Counter-Reformation which resulted in a reassertion of traditional doctrines and the emergence of new religious orders aimed at both moral reform and new missionary activity.
Protestant expansion outside of Europe occurred on a smaller scale through colonization of North America and areas of Africa. The quick spread of discontent occurred to a large degree because of the printing press and the resulting swift movement of both ideas and documents, including the 95 Theses.
Information was also widely disseminated in manuscript form, as well as by cheap prints and woodcuts among the poorer sections of society.
Sensuality, Sin and Religious Conflict. Having a fear of God was still seen as a requirement for being a good person. And these were also times of sensuality, in Italy perhaps more so than in England, the English tending . The European wars of religion were a series of religious wars waged in 16th and 17th century Europe, devastating the continent and killing over 10 million people. The wars were fought in the aftermath of the Protestant Reformation (), which disrupted the religious order in the Catholic countries of Europe. Euro History Chapter This set was exported on 09/26/ from: History Test Ch. 15 by quizlet user mariob. STUDY. What was the most popular style of art in the late 16th century? Baroque. prevented Phillip II from reimposing religious unity on western Europe .
Parallel to events in Germany was a movement began in Switzerland under the leadership of Ulrich Zwingli. These two movements quickly agreed on most issues, but some unresolved differences kept them separate. Some followers of Zwingli believed that the Reformation was too conservative and moved independently toward more radical positions, some of which survive among modern day Anabaptists.
Other Protestant movements grew up along lines of mysticism or humanismsometimes breaking from Rome or from the Protestants, or forming outside of the churches. After this first stage of the Reformation, following the excommunication of Luther and condemnation of the Reformation by the pope, the work and writings of John Calvin were influential in establishing a loose consensus among various groups in Switzerland, ScotlandHungary, Germany and elsewhere.
Martin Luther, by Lucas Cranach the Elder As Luther began developing his own theology, he increasingly came into conflict with Thomistic scholars, most notably Cardinal Cajetan. In Catholic theology, one is made righteous by a progressive infusion of grace accepted through faith and cooperated with through good works.
Conflict between Luther and leading theologians led to his gradual rejection of authority of the Church hierarchy. Inhe was condemned for heresy by the papal bull Exsurge Dominewhich he burned at Wittenberg along with books of canon law.Oct 26, · In the early 16th century, England religion began to spur many conflicts with politics.
Henry VIII, the king who desired whatever he pleased, created an ecclesiastic court and called upon the Reformation Parliament to rid of his wife, Catherine.
Sep 11, · The 16th century was a period of vigorous economic expansion. This expansion in turn played a major role in the many other transformations—social, political, and cultural—of the early modern age. By the population in most areas of Europe was increasing after two centuries of decline or stagnation.
What- It is a group of French moderates in the 16th century religious conflicts holding national unity of greater importance than the absolute predominance of a single sect and advocating religious toleration as the policy of the government When- Where- Europe.
Much of the population of Kingdom of Hungary adopted Protestantism during the 16th century. The spread of Protestantism in the country was aided by its large ethnic German minority, which could understand and translate the writings of Martin Luther.
While Lutheranism gained a foothold among the German-speaking population, Calvinism became widely accepted among ethnic Hungarians.
Which countries switched to Protestantism by the 16th century? Update Cancel. Answer Wiki. 3 Answers. Which two countries battled for the control of Italy in the 16th century?
What were the territories of Mughal during the 16th century and 17th century? Sensuality, Sin and Religious Conflict. Having a fear of God was still seen as a requirement for being a good person. And these were also times of sensuality, in Italy perhaps more so than in England, the English tending to see the Italians as more morally corrupt.
|Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.|
|Notes on Religion in 16th Century Europe Atheism The word "atheist" in the s was commonly used to denote a libertine rather to claim that one did not believe in God. To be described as an atheist was an insult.|
|European wars of religion - Wikipedia||Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.|
|Roman Catholicism - The age of Reformation and Counter-Reformation | torosgazete.com||The emergence of modern Europe, — Economy and society The 16th century was a period of vigorous economic expansion. This expansion in turn played a major role in the many other transformations—social, political, and cultural—of the early modern age.|
|The Europeans - Why They Left||The 17th century was a time of revolution in European religion, science and philosophy. New ideas clashed with old, and where religion was tied up with politics and other vested interests, the conflict was often violent.|