If you are writing a review of a newly launched Nokia mobile phone and you miss on one important detail, this will convey the customers that there is nothing special about this product and they would buy another mobile phone instead. Technical writing requires that the information you provide is based on accuracy and quality content. Try cutting down on the use of jargons because again, this is going to confuse the customers. Keep your language and expression simple and meaningful.
It argues that Memex was the product of a particular engineering culture, and that the machines that preceded Memex — the Differential Analyzer and the Selector in particular — helped engender this culture, and the discourse of analogue computing itself.
Niles Eldredge, interview with the author 1 Since the early days of Darwinism, analogies have been drawn between biological evolution and the evolution of technical objects and systems.
From the middle of the nineteenth century on, writers have been remarking on this basic analogy — and on the alarming rate at which technological change is accelerating. But as Eldredge points out, the analogy can only go so far; technological systems are not like biological systems in a number of important ways, most obviously the fact that they are the products of conscious design.
Unlike biological organisms, technical objects are invented. Inventors can borrow ideas from contemporary technologies, or even from the past.
As the American paleontologist Niles Eldredge observed in an interview with the author, Makers copy each other, patents affording only fleeting protection.
Thus, instead of the neatly bifurcating trees [you see in biological evolution], you find what is best described as "networks"-consisting of an historical signal of what came before what, obscured often to the point of undetectability by this lateral transfer of subsequent ideas.
Niles Eldredge, interview with the author 3 Can we say that technical machines have their own genealogies, their own evolutionary dynamic?
It is my contention that we can, and I have argued elsewhere that in order to tell the story of a machine, one must trace the path of these transferrals, paying particular attention to technical prototypes and to also to techniques, or ways of doing things. A good working prototype can send shockwaves throughout an engineering community, and often inspires a host of new machines in quick succession.
Similarly, an effective technique for example, storing and retrieving information associatively can spread between innovations rapidly. It is often hailed as the precursor to hypertext and the web. For all the excitement, it is important to remember that Memex was never actually built; it exists entirely on paper.
Because the design was first published in the summer ofat the end of a war effort and with the birth of computers, theorists have often associated it with the post-War information boom. In fact, Bush had been writing about it since the early s, and the Memex paper went through several different versions.
I would like to show that Memex was the product of a particular engineering culture, and that the machines that preceded Memex — the Differential Analyzer and the Selector in particular — helped engender this culture, and the discourse of analogue computing, in the first place.
The artefacts of engineering, particularly in the context of a school such as MIT, are themselves productive of new techniques and new engineering paradigms.
Prototype technologies create cultures of use around themselves; they create new techniques and new methods that were unthinkable prior to the technology. This was especially so for the Analyzer. In the context of the early 20th-century engineering school, the analyzers were not only tools but paradigms, and they taught mathematics and method and modeled the character of engineering.
I will trace this transfer in the first section. He also transferred an electro-mechanical model of human associative memory from the nascent science of cybernetics, which he was exposed to at MIT, into Memex.
We will explore this in the second section. In both cases, we will be paying particular attention to the structure and architecture of the technologies concerned. The Analyzer and the Selector 8 The Differential Analyzer was a giant, electromechanical gear and shaft machine which was put to work during the war calculating artillery ranging tables and the profiles of radar antennas.
The Analyzer evaluated and solved these equations by mechanical integration. It created a small revolution at MIT.
Many of the people who worked on the machine e. Harold Hazen, Gordon Brown, Claude Shannon later made contributions to feedback control, information theory, and computing [ Mindell ].
The machine was a huge success which brought prestige and a flood of federal money to MIT and Bush. Why did it fail? This story will itself be related to why Memex was never built; research into analogue computing technology in the interwar years, the Analyzer in particular, contributed to the rise of digital computing.
It demonstrated that machines could automate the calculus, that machines could automate human cognitive techniques. Enrolment in the MIT Electrical Engineering Department almost doubled in this period, and the decade witnessed the rapid expansion of graduate programs. The interwar years found corporate and philanthropic donors more willing to fund research and development within engineering departments, and there were serious problems to be worked on generated by communications failures during the Great War.
This was a simple equation, but it required intensive mathematical integration to solve. Early in Bush suggested to his Graduate Student Herbert Stewart that he devise a machine to facilitate the recording of the areas needed for the Carson equation … [and a colleague] suggested that Stewart interpret the equation electrically rather than mechanically.
This particular machine physically mirrored the equation itself. The wheel was driven by friction, and the gear ratio was altered by varying the distance of the wheel from the axis of rotation of the disk.Technical writing, just as any other form of writing, has certain characteristics which distinguish it from other types of writing.
One of the main characteristics of technical writing is the fact that it clear and straight forward. If you are interested in technical writing for professional.
The research begins by the definition of the word physical education and its development to the contemporary times when it was made fundamental in learning institutions.
It seeks to in-depth meaning of the concept physical education. solid and fundamental unit of the author and the work. like a game (jeu) that invariably goes beyond its own rules and transgresses its limits.
In writing, the point is not to manifest or exalt the act of writing, nor is it to pin a subject within language; it the effacement of the writing subject's individual characteristics. Using all. Dec 16, · We know that Speech is primary while writing is secondary. Language is human so it differs from animal communication in several ways.
Language can have scores of characteristics but the following are the most important ones: language is arbitrary, productive, creative, systematic, vocalic, social, non-instinctive and conventional. Information security means protecting information (data) and information systems from unauthorized access, Technical or Logical Controls which include This domain also addresses the development of a maintenance plan that a company should adopt in order to prolong the life of an IT system and its .
- Definition, Types, Characteristics & Examples In this lesson, you'll learn what makes a piece of writing a narrative.
Examples are also given to illustrate the specific types of narrative writing.