Tanglewood case 4 essay

As described elsewhere in this website - first Victor Acoustic recordings of Leopold Stokowski - Philadelphia Orchestrainthe Boston Symphony Orchestra was the first major orchestra to record for the Victor Talking Machine Company. Victor then was the leading phonograph and phonograph recording company in the U. Described elsewhere on this website:

Tanglewood case 4 essay

His grandmother insisted that his first name be Louisbut his parents always called him Leonardwhich they preferred.

He legally changed his name to Leonard when he was fifteen, shortly after his grandmother's death. His father, Sam Bernstein, was a businessman and owner of a hair product store no longer standing in downtown Lawrence on the corners of Amesbury and Essex Streets.

Sam initially opposed young Leonard's interest in music. Despite this, the elder Bernstein took him to orchestral concerts in his teenage years and eventually supported his music education.

At a very young age, Bernstein listened to a piano performance and was immediately captivated; he subsequently began learning the piano seriously when the family acquired his cousin Lillian Goldman's unwanted piano.

He had a variety of piano teachers in his youth, including Helen Coates, who later became his secretary. Although he majored in music with a final year thesis entitled "The Absorption of Race Elements into American Music" reproduced in his book FindingsBernstein's main intellectual influence at Harvard was probably the aesthetics Professor David Prallwhose multidisciplinary outlook on the arts Bernstein shared for the rest of his life.

One of his friends at Harvard was philosopher Donald Davidsonwith whom he played piano four hands. Bernstein wrote and conducted the musical score for the production Davidson mounted of Aristophanes ' play The Birds in the original Greek. Bernstein reused some of this music in the ballet Fancy Free.

During his time at Harvard he was briefly an accompanist for the Harvard Glee Club. Blitzstein, who heard about the production, subsequently became a friend and influence both musically and politically on Bernstein.

Bernstein also met the conductor Dimitri Mitropoulos at the time. Although he never taught Bernstein, Mitropoulos's charisma and power as a musician were a major influence on Bernstein's eventual decision to take up conducting. Mitropoulos was not stylistically that similar to Bernstein, but he probably influenced some of Bernstein's later habits such as his conducting from the keyboard, his initial practice of conducting without a baton and perhaps his interest in Mahler.

Tanglewood case 4 essay

The other important influence that Bernstein first met during his Harvard years was composer Aaron Coplandwhom he met at a concert and then at a party afterwards on Copland's birthday in At the party Bernstein played Copland's Piano Variationsa thorny work Bernstein loved without knowing anything about its composer until that evening.

Although he was not formally Copland's student as such, Bernstein would regularly seek advice from Copland in the following years about his own compositions and would often cite him as "his only real composition teacher".

He took jobs with a music publisher, transcribing music or producing arrangements under the pseudonym Lenny Amber. InBernstein began his study at the Boston Symphony Orchestra 's summer institute, Tanglewoodin the conducting class of the orchestra's conductor, Serge Koussevitzky.

Bernstein's friendships with Copland who was very close to Koussevitzky and Mitropoulos were propitious in helping him gain a place in the class.

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Other students in the class included Lukas Fosswho also became a lifelong friend. Koussevitzky perhaps did not teach Bernstein much basic conducting technique which he had already developed under Reiner but instead became a sort of father figure to him and was perhaps the major influence on Bernstein's emotional way of interpreting music.

Bernstein later became Koussevitzky's conducting assistant [14] and would later dedicate his Symphony No. Before the concert Bernstein briefly spoke to Bruno Walter, who discussed particular difficulties in the works he was to perform.

The next day, The New York Times carried the story on its front page and remarked in an editorial, "It's a good American success story. The warm, friendly triumph of it filled Carnegie Hall and spread far over the air waves. The orchestra with support from the Mayor was aimed at a different audience than the New York Philharmonic, with more modern programs and cheaper tickets.

In January he conducted the premiere of his Jeremiah Symphony in Pittsburgh. Inhe made his overseas debut with the Czech Philharmonic in Prague. That same year, Arturo Toscanini invited Bernstein to guest conduct two concerts with the NBC Symphony Orchestraone of which again featured Bernstein as soloist in the Ravel concerto.

Principal Musicians of the Boston Symphony Orchestra

The next year he conducted an open-air concert for troops at Beersheba in the middle of the desert during the Arab-Israeli war.Boston Symphony Orchestra Music Directors Isidor Georg Henschel.

George Henschel painted by Lawrence Alma-Tadema Georg Henschel, (from , Sir George), was born in Breslau, then part of Prussia (later Germany and now Poland) on February 18, Tanglewood Case 4 (Recruiting) Based on the case, Tanglewood is in need of entry level positions due to the turnover rate the company experiences.

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Case 4: Measurement and Validation by Brenda Robles on Prezi