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Religious discrimination is valuing or treating a person or group differently because of what they do or do not believe or because of their feelings towards a given religion.
For instance, the indigenous Christian population of the Balkansknown as the "rayah" or the "protected flock", was discriminated against under the Ottoman Kanun—i—Rayah. The word is sometimes translated as 'cattle' rather than 'flock' or 'subjects' in order to emphasize the Christian population's inferior status to that of the Muslim rayah.
Local rulers and church officials closed many professions to religious Jews, pushing them into marginal roles considered socially inferior, such as tax and rent collecting and moneylendingoccupations only tolerated as a "necessary evil".
In a consultation on the issue, the United States commission on civil rights defined religious discrimination in relation to the civil rights guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
Whereas religious civil liberties, such as the right to hold or not to hold a religious belief, are essential for Freedom of Religion in the United States secured by the First Amendmentreligious discrimination occurs when someone is denied "the equal protection of the laws, equality of status under the law, equal treatment in the administration of justice, and equality of opportunity and access to employment, education, housing, public services and facilities, and public accommodation because of their exercise of their right to religious freedom".
MisogynyMisandryDiscrimination against intersex peopleTransphobiaand Discrimination towards non-binary gender persons Though gender discrimination and sexism refer to beliefs and attitudes in relation to the gender of a person, such beliefs and attitudes are of a social nature and do not, normally, carry any legal consequences.
Sex discrimination, on the other hand, may have legal consequences. Though what constitutes sex discrimination varies between countries, the essence is that it is an adverse action taken by one person against another person that would not have occurred had the person been of another sex.
Discrimination of that nature is considered a form of prejudice and in certain enumerated circumstances is illegal in many countries.
Sexual discrimination can arise in different contexts. For instance, an employee may be discriminated against by being asked discriminatory questions during a job interview, or by an employer not hiring or promoting, unequally paying, or wrongfully terminating, an employee based on their gender.
The gender gap in median earnings of full-time employees according to the OECD One such example is Wikipedia.
In the Wikipedian community, around 13 percent of registered users are women. Women are not only more harshly scrutinized, but the representation of women authors are also overlooked.
Relative to men, across all source lists, women have a 2. Another setting where there have been claims of gender discrimination is banking; for example if one is refused credit or is offered unequal loan terms based on one's gender.
Direct sex discrimination is fairly easy to spot — 'Barmaid wanted', but indirect sex discrimination, where an unnecessary requirement puts one sex at a disproportionate disadvantage compared to the opposite sex, is sometimes less easy to spot, although some are obvious — 'Bar person wanted — must look good in a mini skirt'.
Socially, sexual differences have been used to justify different roles for men and womenin some cases giving rise to claims of primary and secondary roles. While there are alleged non-physical differences between men and women, major reviews of the academic literature on gender difference find only a tiny minority of characteristics where there are consistent psychological differences between men and women, and these relate directly to experiences grounded in biological difference.
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Provide specific examples of prejudice or discrimination your selected religious group has experienced. Identify some specific examples of prejudice or discrimination that your selected group has experienced historically.
Prejudice and Discrimination Article SOC/ Prejudice and Discrimination Article Prejudice and discrimination has been around for many years. Racial prejudice and gender discrimination can be viewed from different sides of the world. Mar 09, · Prejudice and Suffering of Buddhism I believe it to be readily acknowledged by many atheists and anti- theists that certain concessions are made (or have been made) for the religion of Buddhism so as to .
its communities struggle in England's postindustrial era. Demography. The population was million in The estimated nonwhite proportion of the population for that year was percent, with the officially designated ethnic groups being black Caribbean, black African, black other, Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, and Chinese.