Search within this web site: These wars were increasingly long and costly and generated anti-French propaganda.
Visit Website Did you know? At the Palace of Versailles, aristocrats were expected to compete for the privilege of watching Louis XIV wake up, eat meals and prepare for bed. Beginning intheir discontent erupted into a civil war known as the Fronde, which forced the royal family to flee Paris and instilled a lifelong fear of rebellion in the young king.
A diplomatic necessity more than anything else, the union produced six children, of whom only one, Louissurvived to adulthood. He viewed himself as the direct representative of God, endowed with a divine right to wield the absolute power of the monarchy.
Immediately after assuming control of the government, Louis worked tirelessly to centralize and tighten control of France and its overseas colonies. His finance minister, Jean-Baptiste Colbertimplemented reforms that sharply reduced the deficit and fostered the growth of industry, while his war minister, the Marquis de Louvoisexpanded and reorganized the French army.
Louis also managed to pacify and disempower the historically rebellious nobles, who had fomented no less than 11 civil wars in four decades, by luring them to his court and habituating them to the opulent lifestyle there. Most famously, he transformed a royal hunting lodge in Versailles, a village 25 miles southwest of the capital, into one of the largest palaces in the world, officially moving his court and government there in It was against this awe-inspiring backdrop that Louis tamed the nobility and impressed foreign dignitaries, using entertainment, ceremony and a highly codified system of etiquette to assert his supremacy.
Under pressure from the English, Swedish and especially the Dutch, France retreated and returned the region to Spain, gaining only some frontier towns in Flanders. The ensuing war, fought on both hemispheres, lasted from to ; France emerged with most of its territory intact but its resources severely strained.
The long conflict plunged a famine-ridden France into massive debt, turning public opinion against the crown. Inthe devoutly Catholic king revoked the Edict of Nantes, issued by his grandfather Henry IV inwhich had granted freedom of worship and other rights to French Protestants known as Huguenots.
With the Edict of Fontainebleau, Louis ordered the destruction of Protestant churches, the closure of Protestant schools and the expulsion of Protestant clergy.
Protestants would be barred from assembling and their marriages would be deemed invalid. Baptism and education in the Catholic faith would be required of all children.
Roughly 1 million Huguenots lived in France at the time, and many were artisans or other types of skilled workers. Although emigration of Protestants was explicitly forbidden by the Edict of Fontainebleau, scores of people—estimates range fromto ,—fled in the decades that followed, settling in England, Switzerland, Germany and the American colonies, among other places.
His reign had lasted 72 years, longer than that of any other known European monarch, and left an indelible mark on the culture, history and destiny of France. His 5-year-old grandson succeeded him as Louis XV.Louis strove vigorously for supremacy in foreign affairs.
His marriage () to the Spanish princess Marie Thérèse served as a pretext for the War of Devolution (–68), which netted him part of Flanders, although the Dutch then moved against him with the Triple Alliance of Warfare defined the foreign policy of Louis XIV, and his personality shaped his approach.
Impelled "by a mix of commerce, revenge, and pique", Louis sensed that warfare was the ideal way to enhance his glory. In peacetime he . Oct 11, · Best Answer: Louis XIV wanted to expand the frontiers of France to what are called its natural boundaries - the Rhine river to the east and northeast,the Alps to the southeast, and the Pyrenees to the southwest.
This would increase the population of France, increase agricultural land and areas of natural Status: Resolved. Louis XIV’s Foreign Policy Balance of Power 1st sense: equilibrium: pwr distrib.
amongst many separate states 2nd sense: equil. disturbed, opposing states > coalition & provide counterweight by which balance is restored 3rd sense: “holding” the balance: a state is needed more by aliies the it needs them = this state “hold” the Balance of 5/5(1). Louis XIV’s Foreign Policy Balance of Power 1st sense: equilibrium: pwr distrib.
amongst many separate states 2nd sense: equil.
disturbed, opposing states > coalition & provide counterweight by which balance is restored 3rd sense: “holding” the balance: a state is needed more by aliies the it needs them = this state “hold” the Balance of power or it belongs this state belongs to 5/5(1).
Watch video · Louis XIV is notorious for his overbearing approach to foreign policy. In , he launched the invasion of the Spanish Netherlands, deeming it his wife's rightful inheritance.