From Category to Institution 1. The Politics of Culture I: Limits of Possibilities, — 11 2.
The heavy baroque chairs of Louis XIV and the more delicate rococo style of Louis XV were replaced by a sophisticated new look dubbed neoclassical, which covered the fateful era of Louis XVI, from about to If you covet the armchairs that found favor with Marie Antoinette, a few simple distinctions will ensure that the correct Louis graces your dining room.
Great Digs and Good Bones History and ruins had an outsize influence on the court furnishings of the last Louis. During his reign, archaeologists discovered the lost city of Pompei with its furniture nearly intact. At the same time, Greek classical ruins were being excavated, and the clean lines, fluted columns and regal ornamentation of the Roman and Greek empires became all the rage in French society.
From squarish, masculine baroque and curvy, delicate rococo, the cabinetmakers and menuisiers -- the carpenters who specialized in chairs -- turned to symmetrical, straight lines, legs fluted like Greek columns, and a lighter, more graceful shape.
The new style was dubbed neoclassical.
A Louis XVI armchair is itself a classic design that readily adapts to contemporary decor in a dining room, boudoir or salon. Le Fauteuil The armchair is known as a fauteuil, a wood chair with upholstered seat, seat back and manchettes -- small padded sections on the arms.
Wood may be gilded or exposed, and it is often carved with very specific motifs. Baroque court chairs featured stretchers separating the legs, gilding and tortoiseshell patterns on wood, and carved gargoyles, griffins, lions' heads and paws.
Rococo retained the gilding with very feminine and exotic carving and S-curved cabriole legs. But Louis XVI chairs let the beauty of the expensive hardwoods shine through.
One favored wood was mahogany, a prized import from the New World. Upholstered chair backs are medallion-shaped or square, and the straight legs are tapered, almost always fluted, sometimes topped by carved pilasters.
The style is never fussy; chairs are lithe, refined and ornamented with plenty of carved decoration on the arms, encircling the medallion or framing the square back, edging the seat and capping the fluted legs.
Motifs Only rich people could afford bespoke, hand-carved furniture in prerevolutionary France, but the hostile, unbridgeable gap between rich and poor inspired greater simplicity of ornamentation.
Design may have been toned down in a doomed attempt at self-preservation, but it still represented an ostentatious display of wealth and cosmopolitan tastes.
The columns, pilasters, lyres and wreaths were a nod to ancient Greece. Garlands, draped folds, rosettes, urns and explosions of flowers conjured the Roman empire and appealed to French fancy.
Tiny details differentiate some of the motifs. The lobes and veins are not as deeply cut or curled as their predecessors, although every lobe is separated and the slightly rounded edges are serrated.
Louis' Ghost When you want the look but not the expense or maintenance of an original, conjure Louis' ghost with Philippe Starck's iconic molded polycarbonate knock-off.
Starck designed a Louis XVI "ghost chair" that mimics the unmistakable shape of the neoclassical original. The chairs are entirely transparent, slipping easily into a home office, a dining room with a sleek glass table or a breakfast nook with a Saarinen round or oval table. Ghost chairs are a godsend in small spaces with their big style, hint of history, and disappearing outlines.
And, unlike the precious antiques, weather-resistant Louis XVI ghost chairs are stackable.Louis Brandeis Louis D. Brandeis was a United State Supreme Court Justice that fought against monopolies and big business and was a tireless advocate for free speech.
Living The Louis Philippe Lifestyle Cultural Studies Essay Louis Philippe, the leader in the Indian super-premium apparel market has a totally new and exciting consumer experience by offering a .
Louis Philippe, the leader in the Indian super-premium apparel market has a totally new and exciting consumer experience by offering a wide range of exclusive apparel and accessories for every occasion from luxury to formal, informal and party wear. Louis Philippe is the biggest super premium brand with a large base of consumers.
Living and working abroad; Culture and lifestyle; The survey suggests that the remainder move for a lifestyle change or cultural experiences, among other reasons. If you want to become an expat to immerse yourself in .
"Louis exposed his store and founded Maison Louis Vuitton. Always a visionary, he developed the first level trunk, a model that was ingenious, elegant, and strong - the first modern luggage.
Exploring took on a luxurious attribute. Palace of Versailles, former French royal residence and centre of government, now a national landmark. It is located in the city of Versailles, Yvelines département, Île-de-France région, northern France, 10 miles (16 km) west-southwest of Paris.