How to write a bibliography for a history paper

Sumerian clay tabletcurrently housed in the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicagoinscribed with the text of the poem Inanna and Ebih by the priestess Enheduannathe first author whose name is known [1] Clay tablets were used in Mesopotamia in the 3rd millennium BC.

How to write a bibliography for a history paper

Recommended Resources Writing a Bibliography and Documenting Historical Research An important element of writing in history and the social sciences is listing the sources of information used in the how to write a bibliography for a history paper.

Many writers find documenting research and preparing bibliographies to be unpleasant tasks. Reference notes and source lists can be viewed as tedious listings of authors, titles, editors, and dates of publication that intrude on the actual effort of writing a paper.

Proper citation documents the evidence historians use as they interpret the past. Further, extensively documented research helps other scholars advance knowledge. Finally, proper citation gives credit where credit is due.

When making any claims, statements, or interpretations, historians are obligated to give credit to their sources of knowledge.

In a way, when we give proper citation, we are acknowledging our debt of gratitude to others who have advanced our own understanding of the past.

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This section is intended to help writers become more familiar with the correct rules for documenting historical research and creating a proper bibliography. It includes some of the more common types of sources that a writer may need to cite such as primary source letters, books, newspaper, film, web sites, etc.

For a complete list of rules and forms for citing sources, refer to one of the stylebooks or manuals referenced at the end of this section. It may be helpful at this point to review the terms for the types of sources used and the different modes of citing them.

how to write a bibliography for a history paper

Which is a more reliable or accurate source of information? Primary versus Secondary Sources. A primary source is an item or a document that comes directly from the person, subject or time period that is being studied.

It is a record of a topic as it is first described, without any interpretation or commentary. For example, if the topic is Thomas Jefferson, primary sources would include letters he had written, clothes he had worn, a portrait of him made during his lifetime, or newspaper articles about him during his lifetime.

For the subject of slavery, primary sources would include items made by slaves, slave diaries, writings about slavery written by people who lived during that time period, legal documents about slavery, pamphlets for slave auctions, and paintings of slave life from that time period. A secondary source, contrasted with primary sources, offers interpretation or commentary on a subject.

Secondary sources analyze, review, and interpret primary sources.

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Secondary sources about Thomas Jefferson would include biographies written about him and encyclopedia entries about him For slavery, secondary sources would include textbooks and articles about slaves or slavery, biographies of slaves or of people related to the topic of slavery, and contemporary paintings of slave life.

Interestingly, secondary sources, may sometimes be used as primary sources. For example, a 19th century biography of Thomas Jefferson might be considered a primary source for studying 19th century biographical writing. Or, a contemporary painting of slave life might be used as a primary source for interpreting 21st century art form.

What is more reliable and important source of information, a primary source or a secondary source? What happens when sources contradict one another? Secondary sources provide interpretive contexts, and are written with certain questions in mind.

Indeed, questions historians ask frame the research project, and influence the interpretive lenses through which historians view primary sources.

Historians learn how to make interpretations that account for conflicting views. Rather than simply explaining all viewpoints when sources differ, historians embrace the complexity of different viewpoints when they make their interpretations.

Purists believe that all interest sources should be considered secondary sources. However, there is a growing feeling that a true scan of an image or an unaltered transcription of a document found on the Internet may be cited as a primary source.

When claiming an online source as a primary document, list the source of the web page in addition to the electronic address. For example, if the document was found on a National Parks site, note that in the citation.

Bibliographies and Notes A bibliography is a listing of all the sources used when researching a paper. This list appears in a separate section at the end of the paper and includes such information as the author stitle, editor, and date of publication.

Notes within a paper are used to clarify or expand on a point made, or to give credit to the sources used to support that point. Parenthetical notes are set off by parentheses and are included directly after the source is referred to. Footnotes are similar to parenthetical notes, but are marked by a superscript raised number at the point the source is cited.

The note itself appears at the bottom of the page. Notes include the author and pages cited, and may include the title.Annotated Bibliography Topics University Annotated Bibliography Assignment. Possible Topics- please note that these topics are just can modify them to suit your interests by adding additional terms or other topics e.g.

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The main secrets of our good reputation are trustful relationships with customers and talented academic writers who always create first-chop papers from scratch. A bibliography is a list of sources that you plan to use in your paper. In an annotated bibliography, each source is followed by a summary of it and its relevance to your paper topic.

Creating an annotated bibliography ensures that you have found adequate scholarly resources, and that you have read your sources carefully and have a good sense.

Students in high schools, colleges and universities may be needed to write annotated bibliography as part of their research or course work. It is important to grasp the basic concepts of writing an annotated bibliography since it helps you to know how to write the literature review for your college research paper, college thesis or university dissertation.

How to Write a History Research paper.

U Annotated Bibliography Topics

Skip Navigation. You do not write a paper "about the Civil War," however, for that is such a large and vague concept that the paper will be too shallow or you will be swamped with information. The next step is to narrow your topic. B. Building a Basic Bibliography.

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