Matt Blitz 4 comments For four hot, humid July days, 56 delegates of the Second Continental Congress gathered in Philadelphia with one purpose — to ratify the Declaration of Independence. The document, originally drafted by Thomas Jefferson with the help of Ben Franklin, John Adams, Roger Sherman, ad Robert Livingston, declared that the thirteen American colonies were now independent and free of the tyranny of the British Empire. On July 4th, with the final wording in place, it was ready for the whole world to read; though, it would be about another month before congress would actually sign it, contrary to popular belief.
First Secretary of the Treasury Signer of the Constitution of This 19th Century engraving was made from the full-length portrait of Alexander Hamilton by John Trumbull, oil on canvas, His father was James Hamilton, a Scottish merchant of St.
When Rachael was very young, she had married a Danish proprietor of St. Croix named John Michael Levine. Levine left her husband and was later divorced from him on June 25, Under the Danish law which had granted her divorce, she was forbidden from remarrying. Thus, Hamilton's birth was illegitimate.
Business failures resulted the bankruptcy of his father and with the death of his mother, Alexander entered the counting house of Nicholas Cruger and David Beekman, serving as a clerk and apprentice at the age of twelve. By the age of fifteen, Alexander was left in charge of the business.
Opportunities for regular schooling were very limited.
With the aid of funds advanced by friends, Hamilton studied at a grammar school in Elizabethtown, New Flaws in the articles of confederation. Inhe graduated and entered King's College now Columbia University in New York City and obtained a bachelor's of arts degree in just one year.
The December video was an impromptu capture by a member of the audience of Penn students, professors and guests that numbered about Hamilton's military aspirations flowered with a series of early accomplishments. On March 14,he was commissioned captain of a company of artillery set up by the New York Providential Congress.
Hamilton's company participated at the Battle of Long Island in August of At White Plains, in October ofhis battery guarded Chatterton's Hill and protected the withdrawal of William Smallwood's militia.
General Greene introduced the young Captain to General Washington with a recommendation for advancement. Washington made Hamilton his aide-de-camp and personal secretary with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.
He served four years as Washington's personal secretary and confidential aide. Longing for active military service, he resigned from Washington's staff after a dispute with the general, but remained in the army.
At the Battle of Monmouth June 28,Hamilton again proved his bravery and leadership and he also won laurels at Yorktown Sept.
The Schuylers were one of the most distinguished families in New York. This connection placed Hamilton in the center of New York society.
Inhe was admitted to legal practice in New York and became an assistant to Robert Morris who was then superintendent of finance. He at once became a leading proponent of a stronger national government than what had been provided for by the Articles of Confederation.
As a New York delegate to the Constitutional Convention ofhe advocated a national government that would have virtually abolished the states and even called for a president for life to provide energetic leadership. Hamilton left the convention at the end of June, but he did approve the Constitution subsequently drafted by his colleagues as preferable to the Articles of Confederation, although it was not as strong as he wished.
Hamilton used his talents to secure the adoption of the Constitution and published a letter in the Constitution's defense. Hamilton was one of three authors of The Federalist. This work remains a classic commentary on American constitutional law and the principals of government. Its inception and approximately three-quarters of the work are attributable to Hamilton the rest belonging to John Jay and James Madison.
Hamilton also won the New York ratification convention vote for the Constitution against great odds in July July 26, During Washington's presidency, Hamilton became the first secretary of the Treasury.
Holding this office from September 11, to January 31,he proved himself a brilliant administrator in organizing the Treasury. In Hamilton submitted to Congress a report on the public credit that provided for the funding of national and foreign debts of the United States, as well as for federal assumption of the states' revolutionary debts.
After some controversy, the proposals were adopted, as were his subsequent reports calling for the establishment of a national bank. He is chiefly responsible for establishing the credit of the United States, both at home and abroad.
In foreign affairs his role was almost as influential.
He persuaded Washington to adopt a policy of neutrality after the outbreak of war in Europe inand in he wrote the instructions for the diplomatic mission to London that resulted in the Anglo-American agreement known as Jay's Treaty. Hamilton also became the esteemed leader of one of the two great political parties of the time.James Wilson signed the Declaration of Independence and was the Advocate General for France in America from to The Founding Fathers: Massachusetts.
En Español. Elbridge Gerry, Massachusetts. Gerry was born in at Marblehead, MA, the third of 12 children. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for George Washington - The Complete Miniseries - Digitally Remastered at torosgazete.com Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users.
Start studying Flaws of the Articles of Confederation. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Sep 13, · Weakness of Articles of Confederation Drafted during the years and , while the colonists were still fighting for independence, the Articles of Confederation created a weak national.
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