Cotton is one of the strongest and most durable natural fibers known to man. Papers manufactured from cotton fiber will last longer and hold up better under repeated handling and various environmental conditions than paper made from wood pulp.
To trace its development offers us insight into humanity's relentless imagination, creativity and sometimes folly. Thanks to the wonderful creation of paper many descriptions of our world have been stored so that we may share and learn from them.
Paper has been used for many purposes, not just literature, but for war plans, the creation of the dollar bill, and of course, to give the ability to people at home of producing their own writing in physical form for hundreds of years.
Whether you're printing off advice from lovemoney. We have prepared the following history of paper, along with a description of how paper is made, what it is used for and some words that are useful to know when talking about paper.
We hope that this is an informative, useful and enjoyable document which inspires you, in the same way that we have been, about paper. We welcome your comments and contributions. Please contact us at anytime. The Origins of Paper Egypt 3, BC When we think of the origins of paper, our minds might wander back over years ago to the Nile river valley in Egypt.
It was there that a marsh grass called Cyperous Papyrus flourished. The Egyptians cut thin strips from the plant's stem and softened them in the muddy waters of the Nile.
These strips were then layered in right angles to form a kind of mat. The mat was then pounded into a thin sheet and left in the sun to dry.
The resulting sheets were ideal for writing on. Since they were also lightweight and portable they became the writing medium of choice of Egyptians, Greeks and Romans for record keeping, spiritual texts and works of art.
It is from papyrus that the word paper comes from. Although papyrus sheets were similar to paper in terms of function, being laminated sheets they were technically more like a mat and therefore not the same as the papers of today. Similar processes were developed in other lands - in Central America during the 2nd Century AD the Mayans fashioned a similar product for bookmaking.
In the Pacific Islands, a paper was made by beating a fine bark over specially shaped logs to make clothes and ritual objects. However, none of these sheets would qualify as true paper today. The father of true paper - T'sai Lun Paper as we know it today comes from another source - China.
In AD, Han Emperor Ho-Ti's chief eunuch T'sai Lun experimented with a wide variety of materials and refined the process of macerating the fibre of plants until each filament was completely separate.
The individual fibres were mixed with water in a large vat. Next, a screen was submerged in the vat and lifted up through the water,catching the fibers on its surface.
When dried, this thin layer of intertwined fiber became what today we call paper. T'sai Lun's thin, yet flexible and strong paper with its fine, smooth surface was known as T'sai Ko-Shimeaning: Spread of Papermaking A Million Prayers It wasn't until the 3rd century that the secret art of papermaking began to creep out of China, first to Vietnam and then Tibet.
It was introduced in Korea in the 4th century and spread to Japan in 6th. There, during the 8th century, the Empress Shotuka undertook a massive project consisting of printing a million prayers - dharani - on individual sheets of paper, with each mounted in its own pagoda.
With such a profound inception, it is not surprising that the fine art of papermaking has continued in Japan to this day, garnering deep appreciation and ever increasing sophistication.
During a battle on the banks of the Tarus river, Islamic warriors captured a Chinese caravan which happened to include several papermakers.
They spirited them away to Samarkand, which soon became a great centre for paper production. Gradually papermakers made their way further west through the Muslim world - to Baghdad, Damascus and Cairo. Finally, when the Moors from North Africa invaded Spain and Portugal they brought the technology with them and so it was that papermaking entered Europe in the 12th century.
Spreading the Word In Europe, the use of papyrus had dropped out in the 9th century. The preferred medium for the artists and literati of the time was the smooth and lustrous parchment.
However, parchment - made from animal skin - was extremely expensive. In fact, it has been estimated that a single bible hand written on parchment required the skins of sheep. The notion of paper being used as a practical everyday item did not occur until the 15th Century.
When Johann Gutenburg perfected movable type and printed his famous bible inhe not only spread the word of Christianity, but also sparked a revolution in mass communication. The birth of the modern paper and printing industry is commonly marked from this date.Eaton ® White Professional Legal Watermark Paper - - 80 Sheets SHEETS ZANDER ZETA HAMMERED TEXTURED BRIGHT WHITE A4 WATERMARK PAPER gsm.
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