It is about the celebrated Battle of Thermopylae that chiefly involved both the Persians and the Spartans. The Iranian ground forces. Leonidas responds with revenge against the Persians. King Leonidas assembles of his toughest Spartan soldiers to take on the Iranian ground forces at the transition manner of Thermopylae.
Mycenaean Greece The first reference to the Spartans at war is in the Iliadin which they featured among the other Greek contingents. Like the rest of the Mycenaean-era armies, it was depicted as composed largely of infantry, equipped with short swords, spears, and Dipylon -type "8"-shaped simple round bronze shields.
This was the Golden Age of Warfare. Each opposing army tried to fight through the other line on the right strong or deep side and then turn left; wherefore they would be able to attack the vulnerable flank.
When this happened, it as a rule caused the army to be routed. The fleeing enemy were put to the sword only as far as the field of battle extended.
The outcome of this one battle would determine the outcome of a particular issue. In the Golden Age of War defeated armies were not massacred; they fled back to their city and conceded superiority to the victors.
It wasn't until after the Peloponnesus War that indiscriminate slaughter, enslavement and depredations were countenanced among the Greeks. War chariots were used by the elite, but unlike their counterparts in the Middle East, they appear to have been used for transport, with the warrior dismounting to fight on foot and then remounting to withdraw from combat, although some accounts show warriors throwing their spear from the chariot before dismounting.
During this time, Sparta or Lacedaemon was merely a Doric village on the banks of the river Eurotas in Laconia. However, in the early 8th century BC, Spartan society was transformed.
The reforms, which were ascribed by later tradition to the possibly mythical figure of Lycurgus, created new institutions and established the military nature of the Spartan state.
By the beginning of the 7th century BC, Sparta was, along with Argosthe dominant power in the Peloponnese. Establishment of Spartan hegemony over the Peloponnese[ edit ] Inevitably, these two powers collided. Initial Argive successes, such as the victory at the Battle of Hysiae in BC, led to an uprising of the Messenianswhich tied down the Spartan army for almost 20 years.
Arcadia was forced to recognize Spartan overlordship; Argos lost Cynuria the SE coast of the Peloponnese in about and suffered a further crippling blow from Cleomenes I at the Battle of Sepeia inwhile repeated expeditions against tyrannical regimes throughout Greece greatly raised their prestige.
King Croesus of Lydia established an alliance with the Spartans,  and later, the Greek cities of Asia Minor appealed to them for help during the Ionian Revolt.
The Spartans played a crucial role in the repulsion of the invasion, notably at the battles of Thermopylae and Plataea.
In the aftermath, however, due to the plottings of Pausanias with the Persians and their unwillingness to campaign too far from home, the Spartans withdrew into a relative isolation, leaving the rising power of Athens to lead the continued effort against the Persians.
This isolationist tendency was further reinforced by the revolts of some of her allies and a great earthquake inwhich was followed by a large scale revolt of the Messenian helots. Sparta suffered several defeats during these wars, including, for the first time, the surrender of an entire Spartan unit at Sphacteria in BC, but ultimately emerged victorious, primarily through the aid it received from the Persians.
Under its admiral Lysanderthe Persian-funded Peloponnesian fleet captured the cities of the Athenian alliance, and a decisive naval victory at Aegospotami forced Athens to capitulate.
End of Hegemony[ edit ] Further information: Spartan hegemony Spartan ascendancy did not last long. By the end of the 5th century BC, Sparta had suffered serious casualties in the Peloponnesian Wars, and its conservative and narrow mentality alienated many of its former allies.
At the same time, its military class - the Spartiate caste - was in decline for several reasons: Population decline due to Sparta's frequent wars in the late 5th century. Since Spartiates were required to marry late, birth rates remained low, making it difficult to replace their losses.
One could be demoted from Spartiate status for a number of reasons such as cowardice in battle or the inability to pay for membership in the syssitia. Inability to pay became such an increasingly severe problem because commercial activity had started to develop in Sparta. Because of this, commerce had become uncontrollable, leading to the complete ban of commerce in Sparta.The Spartan army stood at the center of the Spartan state, whose citizens trained in the disciplines and honor of a warrior society.
Subject to military drill from early manhood, the Spartans became one of the most feared military forces in the Greek world. While weapons, strategies, and tactics have changed, there are a number of methods that have been used across the millennia, and which are still used today – chemical, biological, and psychological warfare was as active in the ancient world as it is in modern times.
From BC, Greek, Roman, and Persian warriors were said to contaminate. Ancient Greek Warfare. and more deadly, reaching its zenith with the Macedonian leaders Philip and Alexander. Learning from the earlier Greek strategies and weapons innovations, Battle of Thermopylae.
Spartans under King Leonidas and other Greek allies hold back the Persians led by Xerxes I for three days but are defeated. All in all, the movie is a somewhat spot on movie with how actual Spartan military forces used weapons and battle strategies.
Even with a couple obvious differences, one could argue their similarities. Strategies.
The AWM-S boasts the highest damage per bullet in the game, beating out even shotguns. even though those weapons use supersonic ammunition. Previously, the AWM-S dealt Damage with Damage Headshots. Now, it deals Damage, and headshots do no extra damage.
The latest interpretation of the battle was the movie , which was based on the graphic novel of the same name by Frank Miller. Frank Miller was inspired by the film – The Spartans.
a sign reads “Come and get them!” which is what the Spartans said when the Persians asked them to lay down their weapons.